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A History Of War

A History Of War - Dedicated to remembering.

Presented by Kie.

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Liverpool remembers. 
R.I.P to those whom died on September 11th 2001. Gone but not forgotten. 
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Heckler & Koch HK416:


Following the revision of the OICWBlock 1 / XM8 program, the Heckler & Koch company decided to enter the US military and law enforcement markets with the alternative design, which, in fact, looks quite promising. Based on the experience, gained during successful upgrade program of the British SA80 / L85A1 program, HK decided to cure the existing M16 rifles and  M4 carbines from most of their problems, inherent to this 40-years old design.The key improvements, made by HK, are their patented short-stroke gas piston system, borrowed from HK G36 rifle. This system replaced the direct gas system of standard M16 rifle, so no powder residue will remain in the receiver even after long shooting sessions. The “new”gas system also is self-regulating and will work reliably with any barrel length. Other improvements include new buffer assembly, improved bolt, and a cold hammer forged barrel, as well as free-floating hand guard with integral Picatinny-type rails. Originally developed as a “drop-in” upper receiver assembly for any standard M16/M4 type lower receiver, HK416 is also available as a complete weapon, with HK-made lower receivers. Current (late 2005) models include carbines with 10.5” and14.5” barrels, and 16.5” barrelled carbine and 20” barrelled rifle will be added later. 7



Another interesting development, which is apparently based on the up scaled HK416 design, is the HK417 - the 7.62x51 NATO rifle that combines AR-15/M16 type ergonomics, layout and handling with improved reliability of HK-made and designed gas piston system. This rifle probably will use HK G3-type magazines. If the rumours about HK417 are true, the 5.56mm HK416 / 7.62mm HK417 combination will be a direct rival to the newest FN SCAR system.



HK416 is a gas operated, selective fired weapon of modular design. It uses short-stroke gas piston that operates the 7-lug rotating bolt. Receiver is made from high grade aluminium alloy. Combination-type safety / fire selector allows for single shots and full automatic mode. Hk416 retains all M16-style controls, including last round bolt hold-open device, rear-based charging handle and magazine release button on the right side of the magazine well. HK416 is fitted with four Picatinny rails as standard, and may accept any type of sighting devices on STANAG-1913 compliant mounts. It also can accept modified HK AG36/AG-C 40mm grenade launcher, which is clamped directly to bottom rail. Butt-stock is of typical M4 design, multi-position telescoped.
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For centuries, many people were trying to build multi-shot firearms. For instance, there were ”pepperbox revolvers” developed in the 1500s and the Colt Paterson revolver from 1836. Many of these early firearms had a 5 or 6 round capacity at most. In order to allow loading more rounds, some people developed the Harmonica Gun, otherwise called the Slide Gun.

It isn’t exactly very clear who invented the first harmonica gun, but one of its early famous makers was Jonathan Browning, who started manufacturing them in Quincy, Illinois, back in 1834. Jonathan Browning later migrated to Ogden, Utah and is mostly famous today, not for his harmonica guns, but for being the father of the famed firearm designer, John Moses Browning.

It consists of a firearm with a steel slide, which has multiple chambers bored into it. Each chamber is loaded with a cartridge, or with powder and ball. Firing mechanism is either via percussion cap or a pin fire cartridge, depending upon the manufacturer and model. The steel slide is loaded into a slot on the side of the firearm and locked into place using a cam or a spring loaded plunger.

Since the slide resembles the musical instrument, the harmonica, this type of firearm was called the harmonica gun.

In order to fire this weapon, the user simply cocks the hammer, then unlocks the slide’s locking mechanism (cam or plunger) and moves it so that a new cartridge comes under the hammer, applies the slide lock and then pulls the trigger. The user needs to re-cock the hammer and move the slide manually each time to fire the next round.

Harmonica gun mechanisms were not restricted to handguns alone. For example, General Sam Houston was known to own a percussion rifle that used a harmonica loader mechanism and this rifle is displayed in the Smithsonian museum.

Harmonica guns often held 9 or 10 rounds in a slide and definitely had more capacity than revolvers of that era. However, since the user needed to move the slide manually along with cocking the hammer, it took more time to prepare one for firing than a revolver-type firearm. Balance was also a problem, especially when firing the first few or last few rounds, because the slide would predominantly hang off one side of the firearm and affect its balance. Also, the user would have to disassemble the slide from the firearm before they could carry it in a holster, which meant that these could not be immediately brought into action like a revolver could. These are some of the reasons why harmonica guns never really sold well, because of the competition from reliable revolvers.
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Hey ladies and gentleman,

It’s been a while, rough couple of months for me but I’ve sorted everything I need out and I have more spare time now.

I’ll post more regularly now and not one every now and again. 

Main thing I’ve missed though: The Feedback! The main reason(s) I started ”Ahistoryofwar” was to try and educate on the subject and to interact with people whom had the same interests as myself and that was the part I’ve always enjoyed the most.

On that note, send me some requests, opinions, thoughts or suggestions, anything. Even just a nice hello will suffice. :D

Looking forward to hearing from you again and hope you’re all doing brilliantly.

- Kie. <3

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This masked man has been playing regularly for the protesters. Here, he plays to an audience of anti-government protesters in Kiev’s City Hall, which is occupied by opposition forces.
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Protester plays piano over the sounds of chaos, with riot police in the backdrop.
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The Battle of Kapyong:



The Australians were part of a force that was defending the Kapyong Valley, some 56&#160;km north of Seoul, during April 1951. A human sea (of Chinese troops) descended on the UN line which forced the South Korean and American units to retreat past the line partly held by the Australians. By 10&#160;pm on April 23rd, the Australian 27th and 29th Brigades were facing the Chinese 118 division.


By midnight, the battle was in full rage. Wave after wave of Chinese soldiers flung themselves at the Australian defenders. The Chinese bugles rang through the night and into the day; with each new screeching another wave of sacrifices were offered by the Chinese troops. Few survived and the battle field was cluttered with a sea of drab grey corpses.


The Australians were ordered to retreat late in the day of April 24th. Then it was the Canadians&#8217; turn to feel the fury of the Chinese attack. They defended stoutly and eventually the Chinese assault collapsed.


The ANZAC spirit was alive and well; the 3rd Battalion had remained true to the legend. When others had retreated before an imposing enemy, the Australians stood their ground and defended their position. In doing so, they prevented a massive breakthrough from occurring that would certainly have seen the enemy recapture Seoul and with it, thousands of UN troops.


By the time the Australians were withdrawn from the battle, the UN forces had secured a strong defensive position to the rear of where the Australians had been fighting. Such courage and devotion to duty did not go unnoticed and the 3rd Battalion was awarded a US Presidential Citation.


This is similar to a unit VC, and it further enhanced the Australians’ great fighting spirit.
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The Kakute were rings that the kunoichi wore that were dipped in poison. The rings could be made out of metals, and tempered wood. The ninja would quietly strangle enemies with the ring stuck in their neck. It was far less messy then using a sword, and left very little evidence on how the victim died. 
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Text: We will protect our land. Death to Bolshevism!”
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A new TV documentary will this week reveal details of Adolf Hitler&#8217;s secret plans to use Nazi experiments to bring seven feet beasts back from the dead – 350 years after they became extinct.
The documentary claims that Adolf Hitler and the Nazis planned to recreate aurochs, an ancestor of domestic cows, that stood seven feet tall with giant horns. The massive animals, which weighed more than a ton, once roamed the forests of Europe and are often depicted in ancient cave paintings in France and Spain.

Aurochs became extinct in the 17th century when the last known creatures died out in Poland. But Nazi experimenters planned to revive them, using an animal agricultural technique known as breeding back, to add a propaganda boost.
Breeding back is a process of selective breeding, whose ultimate aim is to create animals with predefined traits, even though the animal that the selective breeding produces may not be genetically related to the original.
The auroch experiments were masterminded by Hermann Goering, a key figure in the SS hierarchy and a keen hunter. Dr Toby Thacker, senior lecturer in modern European history at Cardiff University, told the Daily Mail: &#8220;For Goering, hunting was one of the greatest human activities and he believed there would be a special quality to these wild and ferocious animals. It was the ultimate hunting challenge.&#8221;
The documentary – Hitler&#8217;s Jurassic Monsters &#8212; will air on National Geographic on Tuesday. But it is not the only attempt that scientists have made to recreate the mysterious aurochs.
In 2010 a Dutch preservationist group began a project to use breeding back to produce an animal that looks like an auroch. They say that if their attempts are successful the aurochs could return the European countryside to a more natural state, and may even eventually replace cows as domestic cattle.